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Riva in Split

History of Dalmatia

Dalmatia (Dalmacija) is region in southern part of Croatia that stretches from the island of Pag near Zadar on the west all the way to small Prevlaka peninsula at the gate of Boka Kotorska Bay near Dubrovnik on the east. According to historical records, Illyrian tribe Dalmatae inhabited the area, and that is how the region got its name Dalmatia. In ancient times, several rulers were trying to rule the area; Greek who controlled some of the islands, Illyrians, Romans who established Dalmatian Province that lasted until Western Roman Empire collapsed in the 5th century.

There was Gothic rule for a short time till 6th century, after which the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) regained control. When Croatian tribes arrived and populated the region in 7th century, they progressively gained control over the region, although Venetians were controlling some of the littoral for a long time. In the meanwhile, there was Croatian Kingdom, later also united with Hugarian Kingdom, and then Habsburg Monarchy at the time of Ottoman invasion. Although different nations tried to rule the region over the period of time, Croatian people remained steadfast, and today Dalmatia is part of Republic of Croatia.

Baška Voda

Holiday Apartments

Dalmatia is a beautiful Mediterranean region at the Adriatic Sea worth paying a visit. It is most attractive in summer time, when the sea gets warm. There are many places along the coastline where tourists can have quite enjoyable summer vacation. There not many regions in Croatia that have so many holiday apartments, rooms for rent like Dalmatia. From its west tip to its east, all along the Adriatic coast, you will find available holiday apartments in Dalmatia. The beaches are mostly gravel and the weather is sunny for the most of the summer season. The temperature is not low in other seasons either. In winter, it rarely snows along the Dalmatian coast. Besides swimming in clear waters of the Adria, visitors may like to see historical and cultural sites in the area.

Split, Zadar, Šibenik, Trogir, Omiš, Makarska, Dubrovnik, and other towns abound in sites for sightseeing. Split has well-preserved remains of the famous Diokletian Palace in its center. There are remains of ancient settlement near Solin (Salona). Zadar has several ancient buildings in its old town. Trogir has an old center too. Dubrovnik is a town with walls and fortresses. There are many other towns in Dalmatia, most of which follow the similar pattern. Namely, a place has an old center with stone houses and one or more churches, the largest one of which is located in the very center of the town and usually has the highest bell tower, which is also made of stone for the most part.


Dalmatian Islands

Croatia is land with a great number of islands on the Adria, most of which are in Dalmatian region. Ordered from northwest to southeast, main Dalmatian islands are the following:

  • Rab
  • Pag
  • Dugi Otok
  • Ugljan
  • Pašman
  • Kornati (National Park)
  • Šolta
  • Brač
  • Hvar
  • Vis
  • Korčula
  • Mljet (Western part of the island is a National Park)
  • Lastovo

There is also Pelješac peninsula. The structure of land on the islands is very similar to the structure of the Dalmatian mainland. Beaches were formed by sediments of rock and gravel. Trees that grow there are mostly coniferous, offering lots of shade during warm summer days. Waters of the Adriatic Sea are especially clear on the islands.